Rose List 2016

Roses in JuneCome visit our rose and perennial display garden with hundreds of English and old roses surrounding our 1888 one-room schoolhouse. Peak bloom time is June through September.

Christianson’s Nursery & Greenhouse
15806 Best Road
Mount Vernon, Washington
(360) 466-3821
OPEN DAILY from 9:00 am

For Rose Care and Culture Information, click here.
The key is at the bottom of this page.

“I’d rather have roses on my table, than diamonds on my neck.”
– Emma Goldman

Download our ‘Rose List for 2016‘ in PDF format,

Bold Type: New for 2016

A

Abbaye DeCluny (HT) Ab vf $27.95
About Face (GR) Ob $27.95
Abraham Darby (ES) Ab vf * $29.95
Alba Meidiland (GC) W + $27.95
Always and Forever (HT) R $27.95
Ambridge Rose (ES) Ab vf * $29.95
Anastasia (HT) W $27.95
Angel Face (FL) M vf $27.95
Anna’s Promise (GR) Ob $27.95
Anthony Meilland (FL) Y + $29.95
Apothecary Rose (GA) P vf * $29.95
Apple Rose (SP) P $24.95
Apricot Candy (HT) A + $29.95
Apricot Drift (GC) A + $27.95
Apricot n’ Cream (HT) AB $29.95
Archbishop Desmond Tutu (FL) R $29.95
Aromatherapy (HT) P vf $29.95
A Shropshire Lad (ES) Pb $29.9
5

B
Bald Hip (SP) P + $24.95
Ballerina (HMU) P + * $27.95
Barbara Streisand (HT) M vf $27.95
Bella ‘roma (HT) Yb vf $27.95
Belle Danielle (FL) P $29.95
Belle de Crecy (GA) M vf * $29.95
Belle Poitevine (RU) P vf + $29.95
Beloved (HT) R $29.95
Betty Boop (FL) Y/R $27.95
Beverly (HT) P vf $27.95
Bewitched (HT) P $27.95
Big Momma (HT) P vf $27.95
Black Baccara (HT) R $27.95
Black Forest (FL) R $27.95
Blanc Double de Coubert (RU) W vf * $24.95
Blue Girl (HT) M $27.95
Blush Hip (AL) P + $27.95
Bolero (FL) W vf + $29.95
Bonica (SH) P + * $24.95
Boscobel (ES) P vf $29.95
Brandy (HT) Ab $27.95
Bredon (ES) Y vf $32.95
Brilliant Pink Iceberg (FL) P $29.95
Bronze Star (HT) Ab $29.95
Brothers Grimm (FL) Ob $29.95
Buff Beauty (HMU) Ab + * $ 27.95
Bull’s Eye (SH) Wb + $27.95
Burgundy Iceberg (FL) M + $27.95

C

California Dreamin’ (HT) Wb + vf $27.95
Canary Diamond (HT) Y $27.95
Candy Cane Cocktail (FL) Pb + $29.95
Cape Diamond (SH) P + $27.95
Caramella Fairytale (FL) Ab $27.95
Carding Mill (ES) Ab + vf $29.95
Carefree Beauty (SH) P $29.95
Cecile Brunner (PO) P * $27.95
Celsiana (DA) P * $29.95
Charles Austin (ES) A vf + * $29.95
Charlotte (ES) Y + vf * $29.95
Chicago Peace (HT) Pb $27.95
Ch-Ching! (GR) Y vf $27.95
Chihuly (FL) Ob + $27.95
China Doll (PO) P * $27.95
Chris Evert (HT) Ob $27.95
Chrysler Imperial (HT) R vf $27.95
Cinderella Fairy Tale (SH) P $29.95
Complicata (HGA) P * $29.95
Coral Drift (GC) Ob + $27.95
Coretta Scott King (GR) Wb $29.95
Cornelia (HMU) Pb * $27.95
Cottage Rose (ES) P $32.95
Crescendo (HT) Pb $27.95
Crimson Bouquet (GR) R $29.95
Crocus Rose (ES) Yb vf $29.95
Crown Princess Margareta (ES) Ab + vf $29.95

D

Dainty Bess (HT) P * $29.95
Darcey Bussell (ES) R vf $29.95
Dark Night (HT) R $27.95
Darlow’s Enigma (HMU) W + * $27.95
David Thompson (RU) P + $29.95
Day Breaker (FL) Ab $27.95
Dee-lish (HT) P vf $27.95
Dick Clark (GR) Pb $27.95
Doris Day (FL) Y vf $27.95
Double Delight (HT) Rb vf * $24.95
Double Knockout (SH) R + $27.95
Dream Come True (GR) Yb $27.95
Drop Dead Red (FL) R $27.95
Dwarf Pavement (RU) P + $27.95

E

Easter Basket (FL) Yb + $27.95
Easy Does It (FL) Ab $27.95
Easy Going (FL) Y $27.95
Ebb Tide (FL) M vf $27.95
Eglantyne (ES) P vf + $29.95
Elina (HT) Y * $27.95
Elle’ (HT) Pb vf $29.95
Eternal Flame (HT) Y vf + $27.95
Evelyn (ES) Ab vf $29.95
Eye Paint (FL) Rb * $29.95
Eyeconic Lychee Lemonade (SH) Ab + $27.95

F

Falling in Love (HT) Pb vf $27.95
Falstaff (ES) R vf + $29.95
Fantin Latour (CE) P vf + $29.95
Firefighter (HT) R vf $27.95
Fisherman’s Friend (ES) R vf $29.95
Flower Carpet (GC) + $27.95
– Amber A
– Appleblossom P
– Coral O
– Pink P
-Pink Splash Pb
-Pink Supreme P
– Red R
– Scarlet R
– White W
– Yellow Y
Folklore (HT) Ob vf $27.95
Foxi Pavement (RU) P + $27.95
Fragrant Cloud (HT) O/R vf $27.95
Fragrant Memory (HT) P vf $27.95
Fragrant Plum (GR) M vf $27.95
Francis Meilland (HT) P vf + $27.95
Frau Dagmar Hartopp (RU) P * $27.95
French Lace (FL) W * $29.95
Full Sail (HT) W vf $27.95

G

Gemini (HT) Pb * $27.95
Gentle Hermione (ES) P vf + $29.95
Gertrude Jekyll (ES) P vf + $29.95
Girl’s Night Out (HT) P vf $29.95
Gold Medal (GR) Y * $27.95
Golden Celebration (ES) Y vf + * $29.95
Golden Touch (SH) Y $29.95
Golden Wings (SH) Y $27.95
Gold Struck (GR) Y $29.95
Good as Gold (HT) O $27.95
Grace (ES) A vf $29.95
Graham Thomas (ES) Y vf + * $29.95
Granada (HT) Rb vf $27.95
Grande Amore (HT) R $29.95
Grande Dame (HT) P vf $27.95
Green Romantica (HT) W $27.95

H

Hansa (RU) M vf + * $27.95
Heathcliff (ES) R vf $29.95
Heirloom (HT) M vf $27.95
Helmut Schmidt (HT) Y $29.95
Henry Fonda (HT) Y $27.95
Heritage (ES) P vf $29.95
Hippolyte (HGA) M * $29.95
Home & Garden (FL) P $29.95
Honey Nectar (GR) O/A $29.95
Honey Perfume (FL) Ab $29.95
Honor (HT) W $27.95
Hot Cocoa (FL) Rb $27.95
Hotel California (HT) Y $27.95
Huntington Rose (ES) P $29.95

I

Iceberg (FL) W + * $24.95
Icecap (SH) W + $27.95
Ingrid Bergman (HT) R $27.95
Innocencia Vigoresa W $27.95
Itty Bitty Pink (SH) P + $27.95

J

James Galway (ES) $29.95
Jeanne de Mortfort (MO) P $29.95
Jens Munk (RU) P vf + * $27.95
John F. Kennedy (HT) W $27.95
Jubilee (RU) P + $27.95
Jubilee Celebration (ES) P vf * $29.95
Judy Garland (FL) Y $27.95
Julia Child (FL) Y vf + * $27.95
Jump for Joy (FL) A $27.95
Just Joey (HT) Ob vf $24.95

K

Keepsake (HT) Pb $29.95
Ketchup & Mustard (FL) Rb $27.95
Knock Out (SH) R + $27.95
Koko Loko ( FL) Mb $27.95

L

La Perla (HT) Yb $29.95
Lady of Shallot (ES) Ob + $29.95
Lady X (HT) M + $29.95
Lasting Love (HT) R $27.95
Lava Flow (FL) R * $27.95
Lavender Crush (SH) M vf $29.95
Lavender Lassie (HMU) P vf $27.95
L.D. Braithwaite (ES) R vf + $29.95
Lemon Splash (SH) Y + $29.95
Leonardo da Vinci (FL) P $29.95
Lichfield Angel (ES) W + $29.95
Linda Campbell (RU) R + $27.95
Lion’s Fairy Tale (FL) Wb $27.95
Livin’ Easy (FL) Ob + $27.95
Look-A-Likes Apple Dapple (SH) W + $27.95
Love (GR) Rb $27.95
Love & Peace (HT) Pb vf $27.95
Love’s Magic (HT) R $27.95
Love Song (FL) M $27.95

M

Macy’s Pride (SH) W + $29.95
Madame Isaac Perier (BO) P vf + * $27.95
Marchesa Boccella (HP) P + * $27.95
Mardi Gras (FL) Ob $27.95
Margaret Merril (FL) W vf $27.95
Martin Frobisher (HRU) P + vf $29.95
Mary Rose (ES) P * + $29.95
Mellow Yellow (FL) Y $27.95
Melody Parfumee (GR) M vf $27.95
Memoire (HT) W $27.95
Memorial Day (HT) M vf $27.95
Mercury Rising (HT) Pb $29.95
Michelangelo (HT) Y vf + $29.95
Midas Touch (HT) Y $27.95
Midnight Blue (SH) M $27.95
Milwaukee’s Calatrava (SH) W + $29.95
Miracle On The Hudson (SH) R $29.95
Miracle Sensation (SH) P + $27.95
Miranda Lambert (HT) P vf $29.95
Miss Congeniality (GR) Wb $27.95
Mister Lincoln (HT) R vf * $24.95
Moje Hammarberg (RU) M + $27.95
Molineux (ES) Y vf + $29.95
Moondance (FL) W $27.95
Morden Blush (SH) P + * $27.95
Morden Snowbeauty (SH) W + $27.95
Morden Sunrise (SH) Yb + $29.95
Mother of Pearl (GR) A + $29.95
Munstead Wood (ES) R + vf $29.95
Mutabilis (Tea) Yb * $27.95

N

Neil Diamond (HT) Pb vf $27.95
Neptune (HT) M vf $27.95
Never Alone (SH) Rb + $29.95
New Zealand (HT) P vf $27.95
Nicole (FL) Pb * $29.95
Nootka Rose (SP) P + $24.95
Nymphenburg (HMU) Pb + * $27.95

O

Octoberfest (GR) Ob $27.95
Oh My! (SH) R $27.95
Olivia Rose Austin (ES) P vf $29.95
Olympiad (HT) R * $27.95
Opening Night (HT) R $27.95
Oso Easy Lemon Zest (SH) + $27.95
Oso Easy Mango Salsa (SH) P + $27.95
Othello (ES) R vf $29.95
Over the Moon (HT) A $27.95

P

Papa Meilland (HT) R vf $27.95
Party Hardy (SH) Pb + $27.95
Pascali (HT) W $27.95
Pat Austin (ES) O vf $29.95
Peace (HT) Yb * $24.95
Peach Drift (GC) P + $27.95
Peachy Keen (SH) Pb + $27.95
Perfume Delight (HT) P vf $29.95
Peter Mayle (HT) P $27.95
Pink Double Knockout (SH) P + $27.95
Pink Drift (GC) P + $27.95
Pink Flamingo (GR) P $29.95
Pink Martini (FL) P $27.95
Pink Pet (PO) P + * $29.95
Pink Prosperity (HMU) P * $29.95
Playboy (FL) Rb * $27.95
Polar Express (SH) W $27.95
Polynesian Punch (FL) Ob + $29.95
Popcorn Drift (GC) Y + $27.95
Pope John Paul II (HT) W $27.95
Port Sunlight (ES) Ab vf + $29.95
Poseidon (FL) M $27.95
Preference (FL) R + $29.95
Pretty Jessica (ES) P vf $32.95
Pretty Lady Rose (HT) P $27.95
Prickly Wild (SP) P + $24.95
Princess Alexandra of Kent (ES) P vf + $29.95
Princess Anne (ES) P $29.95
Purple Pavement (RU) P + $27.95
Purple Tiger (FL) M $27.95

Q

Queen Elizabeth (GR) P $27.95
Queen Mary 2 (HT) W + vf $27.95
Queen of Sweden (ES) P + $29.95

R

Radiant Perfume (GR) Y vf $27.95
Rainbow Happy Trails (GC) + $27.95
Raspberry Kiss (SH) Pb $29.95
Raspberry Rugostar (SH) P + $27.95
Red Corsair (SH) R $29.95
Red Drift (GC) R + $27.95
Red Gold (FL) R/O $27.95
Red Ribbons (GC) R + $ 27.95
Remember Me (HT) O $27.95
Rio Samba (HT) Ob $27.95
Robusta (SH) R * $29.95
Rock and Roll (GR) R/W vf $27.95
Roseraie de l’Hay (RU) R + vf * $29.95
Rose-Marie (ES) Wb $29.95
Rosemary Harkness (HT) Ob vf $29.95
Rouge Royal (HT) R vf $29.95
Royal Bonica (SH) P + $27.95
Rubrifolia (SP) P + * $27.95
Rugelda (HRU) Y + $27.95
Rugosa (SP) P + * $24.95
Rugosa Alba (SP) W + * $24.95

S

Sally Holmes (SH) W * $27.95
Scarlet Pavement (RU) R + $27.95
Scentimental (FL) R/W vf $27.95
Scepter d’ Isle (ES) P vf + $29.95
Sea Foam (SH) W + $27.95
Secret (HT) Pb vf $27.95
Secret’s Out (HT) W vf $27.95
Sedona (HT) Ob vf $27.95
Sevillana (FL) O/R + $27.95
Sexy Rexy (FL) P * $27.95
Sharifa Asma (ES) $29.95
Sheila’s Perfume (HT) Yb vf $27.95
Silver Star (GR) M $29.95
Sir John Betjeman (ES) P + $29.95
Smokin’ Hot (HT) Ob $27.95
Snow Pavement (RU) W + $27.95
South Africa (GR) O $27.95
Souvenir de Baden Baden (HT) Pb $29.95
Sparkle & Shine (FL) Y + $27.95
Spirit of Freedom (ES) P vf $29.95
St. Swithun (ES) P vf + $29.95
Stanwell Perpetual (HS) W vp + * $27.95
Stephans’ Big Purple (HT) Mb $27.95
Sterling Silver (HT) M vf $27.95
Strawberry Hill (ES) P + vf $29.95
Strike it Rich (GR) Yb vf $27.95
Sugar Moon (HT) W vf $27.95
Sultry Sangnia (FL) R + $29.95
Sun Flare (FL) Y $29.95
Sunny Knockout (SH) Y + $27.95
Sunset Celebration (HT) A * $27.95
Sunshine Happy Trails (GC) + $27.95
Sunsprite (FL) Y vf * $24.95
Susan Williams-Ellis (ES) W vf $29.95
Swamp Rose (SP) P + $24.95
Sweet Drift (GC) P + $27.95
Sweet Fragrance (FL) Pb + $29.95

T

Tabris (FL) P * $29.95
Tahitian Sunset (HT) Ab $29.95
Tahitian Treasure (GR) P + $29.95
Take It Easy (FL) Rb + $27.95
Tamora (ES) Ab vf $29.95
Tea Clipper (ES) A vf $29.95
Teasing Georgia (ES) Yb + $29.95
Tess of the d’Urbervilles (ES) R + $29.95
The Alnwick Rose (ES) P vf $29.95
The Fairy (PO) P + * $27.95
The Generous Gardener (ES) Pb vf $29.95
The Lady Gardener (ES) A vf $29.95
The Lark Ascending (ES) A $29.95
The McCartney Rose (HT) P vf $27.95
The Pilgrim (ES) Y vf $29.95
The Poet’s Wife (ES) Y vf $29.95
Therese Bugnet (HRU) P + $27.95
Topaz Jewel (HRU) Y + $27.95
Touch of Class (HT) Pb * $29.95
Tournament of Roses (GR) P * $27.95
Tranquility (ES) W $29.95
Tropicana (HT) O vf $27.95
Trumpeter (FL) O/R $27.95
Tuscan Sun (FL) O $27.95
Twilight Zone (GR) M vf $27.95

V

Valencia (HT) Ab vf $29.95
Vavoom (FL) O $27.95
Veteran’s Honor (HT) R $27.95
Voodoo (HT) Ob $27.95

W

Watercolors Home Run (SH) + $27.95
Wedding Bells (HT) P $29.95
White Drift (GC) W + $27.95
White Licorice (FL) W vf $27.95
White Majesty (HT) W + $27.95
White Meidiland (GC) W + $24.95
Wild Blue Yonder (GR) M vf $27.95
Wildeve (ES) P + $29.95
William Shakespeare 2000 (ES) R vf $29.95
Winchester Cathedral (ES) W $29.95
Winter Sun (HT) Y $29.95
Wollerton Old Hall (ES) W vf $29.95
Woods Rose (SP) P + $24.95

Y

Yellow Jacket (SH) Y $29.95
Young Lycidas (ES) Pb vf + $29.95
Yves Piaget (HT) P vf $27.95

Climbing Roses

Above All ob + $27.95
Alberic Barbier (RA) W * $29.95
Alchymist Ab * $29.95
Alister Stella Gray (NO) Y * $29.95
Altissimo R * $29.95
America Ob vf * $27.95
Angle Face M vf $27.95
Autumn Sunset Ab vf * $27.95
Baltimore Belle P $29.95
Blen Magenta (RA) M $29.95
Blush Noisette (NO) W * $29.95
Candyland Pb $27.95
Cecile Brunner P * $27.95
Cloud 10 W + $27.95
Constance Spry P vf * $29.95
Don Juan R vf * $27.95
Dortmund P + * $29.95
Dr. W. Van Fleet (RA) P $29.95
Dublin Bay R * $27.95
Eden P + $27.95
Fourth of July R/W * $27.95
Francis E. Lester (HMU) W + * $27.95
Garden Sun Ab $29.95
Golden Cascade Y $27.95
Golden Gate Y $27.95
Golden Showers Y $27.95
Good Day Sunshine Y $29.95
Gloire de Dijon (Tea) Yb + $27.95
Hella W $29.95
Iceberg W * $27.95
James Galway P + $29.95
Joseph’s Coat Rb $27.95
Kiftsgate (RA) W * $29.95
Kordes Moonlight Yb $29.95
Lady Banks White W vf + * $14.95 1gal.
Lady Banks Yellow Y vf + * $14.95 1gal.
Laguna P vf $27.95
Madame Alfred Carriere (NO) W vf + * $27.95
Malvern Hills (RA) Y + $29.95
New Dawn P vf + * $27.95
Night Owl M $27.95
Paul’s Himalayan Musk (HMU) P + * $27.95
Pearly Gates P vf $27.95
Polka Ab + $29.95
Pretty In Pink Eden P + $27.95
Purple Splash Mb $27.95
Raspberry Cream Twirl P/W + $29.95
Rosanna P $27.95
Royal America W $29.95
Seven Sisters (RA) P/M $27.95
Sky’s the Limit Y $27.95
Sombreuil (Tea) W + * $27.95
Stormy Weather M $27.95
The Wedgewood Rose P $29.95
Top of the World O/Y + $27.95
Westerland Ob vf * $27.95
White Dawn W vf $27.95
White Eden W + $27.95
Wichurana (SP) W + $27.95
William Baffin P + * $27.95
William Morris (ES) Ab $29.95
Winner’s Circle R + $29.95
Yellow Blaze Y $29.95
Zephirine Drouhin P vf $27.95

Tree Roses

Bolero 36” W $59.95
Cutie Pie 18” Yb $39.95
Drop Dead Red 36” R $59.95
Eyconic Pink Lemonade 24” $39.95
Flower Carpet 36” A $79.95
Flower Carpet P $79.95
Flower Carpet 36” W $79.95
Flower Carpet 36” Y $79.95
Gourmet Popcorn 18” W $39.95
Iceberg 24” W $49.95
Iceberg 36” W $59.95
Julia Child 36” Y $59.95
Leonardo da Vinci 36” P $79.95
Livin’ Easy 36” Ob $59.95
Molineux 36” Y $79.95
Polar Joy 36” P $69.95
Rainbow Sunblaze 24” $39.95
Sunsprite 36” Y $59.95Tamora 36” Ab $79.95

Miniature Roses
(own root, $24.95 each)

All a’ Twitter O
Be My Baby P
Bridal Sunblaze W
Coffee Bean R
Diamond Eyes M vf
Green Ice W + *
Kristin Rb
Mandarin Sunblaze O
Cutie Pie Yb +
Rainbow’s End Yb
Rainbow Sunblaze Yb
Silicon Valley Diamond W
Smoke Rings Ob
Starina O + *
Tiddly Winks Ob
Whimsy Pb
You’re the One Pb

Christianson’s Top 15 Easy to Grow Roses:
Blanc Double de Coubert (RU) W vf * $24.95
Chihuly (FL) Ob $27.95
Gertrude Jekyll (ES) P vf $29.95
Golden Celebration (ES) Y + vf $29.95
Hot Cocoa (FL) Rb  $27.95
Ingrid Bergman (HT) R $27.95
Julia Child (FL) Y + vf $27.95
Just Joey (HT) Ob vf $27.95
Rugosa (SP) P + * $27.95
Sally Holmes (SH) W  * $27.95
Sevillana (FL) O/R + $27.95
Stephans’ Big Purple (HT) Mb $24.95
Sunset Celebration (HT) A $27.95
Sunsprite (FL) Y vf * $27.95
Westerland (CL) Ob vf $27.95

Christianson’s Top 15 Most Fragrant Roses:
America (CL) Ob vf * $27.95
Angel Face (FL) M vf $27.95
Falling in Love (HT) Pb vf $27.95
Fragrant Cloud (HT) O/R vf $27.95
Gertrude Jekyll (ES) P vf +  $29.95
Graham Thomas (ES) Y vf * $29.95
Julia Child (FL) Y + vf $27.95
Just Joey (HT) Ob vf $24.95
Memorial Day (HT) M vf $27.95
Mister Lincoln (HT) R vf * $24.95
Neptune (HT) M vf $27.95
Papa Meilland (HT) R vf $27.95
Sheila’s Perfume (HT) Yb vf $27.95
Sunsprite (FL) Y vf * $24.95
Westerland (CL) Ob vf * $27.95

Key
AL = Alba
BO = Bourbon
CE = Centifolia
CH = China
DA = Damask
ES = English Shrub
FL = Floribunda
GA = Gallica
GC = Groundcover
GR = Grandiflora
H = Hybrid
HP = Hybrid Perpetual
HRU = Hybrid Rugosa
HSemp = Hybrid Sempervirens
HT = Hybrid Tea
HMU = Hybrid Musk
MO = Moss
NO = Noisette
PO = Polyantha
POR = Portland
RA = Rambler
RU = Rugosa
SH = Shrub
SP = Species

Color
A = Apricot
b = blend
M = Mauve/Purple
O = Orange
P = Pink
R = Red
W = White
Y = Yellow
vf = Very Fragrant
+ = Own Root
* = ARS top-rated rose

Schoolhouse Garden
Come visit our rose and perennial display garden with hundreds of English and old roses surrounding our 1888 one-room schoolhouse. Peak bloom time is June through September.

Rose Care and Culture

Roses prefer full sun (6 hours or more) and well-drained soil. Dig a planting hole 18” deep and 24” in diameter. Mix 50% of your native soil with composted organic matter such as composted manure. Add bone meal to encourage root growth. Most of our roses are growing in large 5 gallon plastic containers. Water pot well, then tip on its side and gently slide the plant out. Set plant into the prepared planting hole so the soil level around the plant is the same as the surrounding soil. Back fill the prepared soil around the plant and tamp down. Water in well, soaking the entire planting hole. Deep water once a week during the active growing season.

We recommend fertilizing in April, June and August with a granular fertilizer (rose food). You may use a liquid food (Miracle-Gro) more frequently, or a slow-release (Osmocote) or organic food (E. B. Stone) less often.

Regular watering throughout the summer months increases plant vigor and reduces disease problems. Rose diseases may be controlled by close monitoring and good sanitation. Pick off sick leaves and rake fallen leaves when they occur. Hard prune severely diseased plants and spray with a fungicide (Triforine) or organically with copper, baking soda or neem oil to prevent reinfection. Varieties that are intolerably diseased may be sprayed on a 14-21 day cycle from May through September with a fungicide. Insect pests that appear, most often aphids, may often be controlled organically with predators, a soapy solution (Safer brand), an oil spray (neem oil), or a strong blast from your hose.

Lightly prune tall roses in November to prevent snow or wind breakage, with the primary pruning done in March. Most modern roses may be severely pruned, to a height of 6” to 18”. This encourages new growth and more flowers. Old roses, English roses and climbing roses prefer a more minimalist pruning, removing just the least productive old wood and damaged or diseased wood.

In late October or early November, apply an organic mulch (manure or bark) 8” to 12” up the canes. This protects against winter injury. Spread the mulch out away from the rose canes in March when you prune.

ENJOY YOUR ROSES!